The world's biggest negotiation

A series of articles by scientists and researchers centred around the Glasgow climate conference
Climate change is the greatest challenge faced by species that inhabit our planet. The 26th United Nations Climate Change conference brought together world leaders, scientific experts and political decision-makers with the goal of aligning international interests towards achieving the terms of the Paris Agreement – in particular, limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Start here for comprehensive, evidence-based coverage of the summit and its ramifications from researchers and academics from around the world. Amid a rising tide of climate news and stories, The Conversation is here to clear the air and make sure you get information you can trust.

Academic experts react to the UN climate summit and Glasgow Pact
Christina E. Hoicka, University of Victoria; Daniel Sperling, University of California, Davis; Ian Lowe, Griffith University; Kate Dooley, The University of Melbourne; Kyla Tienhaara, Queen's University, Ontario; Mark Maslin, UCL; Piers Forster, University of Leeds; Ran Boydell, Heriot-Watt University, and Simon Lewis, UCL

The ultimate guide to why the COP26 summit ended in failure and disappointment (despite a few bright spots)

The ultimate guide to why the COP26 summit ended in failure and disappointment (despite a few bright spots)
Robert Hales, Griffith University and Brendan Mackey, Griffith University


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Caused by burning fossil fuels, decimating forests, generating electricity and travelling across the planet, greenhouse gas emissions – and how to curb them globally – are a central focus of COP26 discussions because of their ability to significantly alter the Earth's climate. Read more about greenhouse gas emissions.

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Experts take you inside the fight for our future planet

Explore some of the big issues feeding into the COP26 negotiations:

  • net zero – and the technology needed to get there
  • trade-offs – required to transition away from fossil fuels, particularly for those communities hit hardest by the shift to renewables
  • money – and how much the world's richest countries should give to protect the poorest parts of the world
  • young people – impact their voices are having on the climate fight
Give it a go


Energy derived from renewable sources – like the sun, wind, tides and rivers – is key to reducing worldwide carbon emissions and protecting the health of our planet. But while clean power is hailed as the answer to energy crises, governments will need to honour their commitments if we are to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Read more about renewables.

Seven reasons global transport is so hard to decarbonise

Seven reasons global transport is so hard to decarbonise
Christian Brand, University of Oxford

COP26: cities create over 70% of energy-related emissions. Here’s what must change

Cities create over 70% of energy-related emissions. Here’s what must change
Anna Hurlimann, The University of Melbourne; Georgia Warren-Myers, The University of Melbourne, and Judy Bush, The University of Melbourne

To dos

The more we see our environment as a part of us, the more we're driven to protect it. Transforming the small spaces around us into havens where the natural world can flourish can positively impact local ecosystems in ways that ripple out further than we can imagine: keep reading for our experts' suggestions.

We need scientists and experts in the public domain now more than ever before

90,000 academics and researchers have written for The Conversation. Their articles are fact-based, free of jargon and free to read.

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We make our articles free to be republished. They have appeared in the Guardian, Le Monde, Washington Post, El PaĂ­s, Daily Mail, National Geographic, Wired, Scientific American and others in 97 countries. More.

Our forests

In a world that's lost one third of its forests, it's more vital now than ever to protect what remains. Forests not only act as giant carbon sinks offsetting greenhouse gas emissions, they're also home to countless endangered and undiscovered species. They also purify air and water and fortify soil against erosion. Read more about our forests.

Our oceans

Water, water everywhere – and much of it filled with plastic. Our mistreatment of Earth's oceans has slashed biodiversity, damaged irreplaceable coral reefs and polluted our source of water. To build a better relationship with these sustaining seas, we must protect what remains for the sake of all life across our planet. Read more from our Oceans series.


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